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Decreased water availability due to increasing human and cattle populations: Prakash Javadekar | India News


NEW DELHI: There has been a decrease in water availability due to an increase in human and livestock populations, Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar said on Friday, stressing the need to save water.
In his keynote address at the curtain-opening event for TERI’s 2022 World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSDS) and at the debate on the sustainable, equitable and resilient use of water, Javadekar said that new technologies should be used to ensure zero waste of water.
The event comes ahead of World Environment Day, which is celebrated on June 5.
“India has only four percent of the world’s fresh rain water resources. Therefore, there is a basic need to save, reuse and reuse. When India became independent, the availability of water was 5,000 liters per capita now. it has become 1,100 liters. There is a basic decrease in the availability of water due to the growth of the human and livestock population, “he said.
India has 18% of the world’s human population and 18% of the world’s bovine population.
The minister said that efforts should be made in the field of agriculture to save water, as it consumes almost 85 percent of the water.
“Agriculture consumes almost 85 percent of the water. Therefore, the first savings should come from agriculture. There are new technologies such as sprinkling, drip irrigation and other methods of saving water that should be used,” he said.
Javadekar also highlighted the problem of river sinking and praised the Ken-Betwa river link project, saying such projects are important for the environment.
“The best news this year has been the Ken-Betwa agreement between Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh because if the deficit rivers get water from the overflowing rivers, that really helps. Also in Gujarat, two local rivers are exchanging their waters. Such projects they are environmentally important, “he said.
Recognizing that several rivers were sinking, the minister said that it was necessary to replenish the water sources in the forests where the main rivers originated.
“The rivers are also sinking. In the forest areas the main rivers originate. We have decided to increase the water and forage in the jungles so that the animals also do not leave the habitat,” he said.
The minister also spoke about light sensing and ranging (LiDAR) technology that is used to conduct forest surveys in all states.
“This year we have used a new technology called a LiDAR (light detection and range) survey, which will be for all states. We have selected a forestry campus in each state and everyone is being surveyed through this technology. After this, our Detailed project reports (DPR) will be ready and after the rains, basin development work will begin in the right places in all states, “he said.
Javadekar also said that the Environment Ministry has provided funding through the Compensatory Afforestation Fund Planning and Management Authority (CAMPA) for this survey and that Rs 40 billion has already been provided for the compensatory afforestation program.
“For 15 years, this money was not used due to the Supreme Court ruling. We changed the basis of the Supreme Court decision and distributed funds to all states. I repeatedly warn states that these funds will be used for the purpose intended for, ”said the minister.

Times of India