New school and intercity buses will have a fire alarm and suppression system, government proposes changes to vehicle standards | India News
NEW DELHI: In the next year and a half, all new school buses and intercity buses will need to have fire detection and alarm systems as well as the fire suppression system so that passengers have enough time to exit the bus. in case of fire.
The Ministry of Road Transport has issued a draft notification to modify the Automotive Industry Standards (AIS) based on experiments carried out by the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) for the introduction of occupant protection against fire.
Currently, fire detection, alarm and extinguishing systems are notified for fires originating in the engine compartment. “The provisions regarding occupant protection from fire under this amendment are intended to provide additional evacuation time for occupants and therefore will further enhance safety in bus fire incidents,” the draft says. the notification.
It has been specified that the system must be such that any fire can be detected regardless of whether the engine is on or off. An official said that if the heat can be controlled on a bus for 3-4 minutes, the passenger can safely get off the bus. On local buses or within the city, it is easy to disembark as the windows are open and the passengers are awake.
Officials said that this system can also be installed on existing buses.
Most fatal and non-fatal passenger injuries in bus fire accidents in India are due to heat and smoke in the passenger compartment, regardless of the source of the fire in the vehicle. “Fatal and non-fatal injuries to passengers in bus fire accidents on Indian roads can be prevented by controlling the heat and smoke in the occupant compartment regardless of the source of the fire in the vehicle and therefore therefore, an evacuation window is provided to the occupants, ”the government document said.
According to the proposal, the buses will have water tanks and this water can be sprayed as a high pressure mist through nozzles that will be fixed inside the bus at different locations. The sources said the buses will have thermal sensors and that the system to control the heat can be activated manually or automatically.