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WMO: 2020 was one of the three warmest years on record, Cyclone Amphan caused economic losses of 14 billion dollars in India | India News


NEW DELHI: Backing up its initial findings, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has said that 2020 was one of the three warmest years on record, despite a La Niña cooling event and the global average temperature for the year was about 1.2 degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial level (1850-1900): just 0.3 degrees Celsius lower than what the UN climate change body (IPCC) called a catastrophic level (1.5 degrees Celsius) that will push the world into more extreme weather events.
In its final report ‘State of the global climate 2020’, released Monday evening, the WMO also said that the six years since 2015 have been the warmest on record, with 2011-2020 being the warmest decade.
“The warmest year on record, 2016, began with an exceptionally strong El Niño, a phenomenon that contributes to rising global temperatures. Despite neutral or comparatively weak El Niño conditions in early 2020 and conditions of La Niña developing in late September, the heat of 2020 was comparable to that of 2016, “he said.
Noting that extreme weather combined with Covid-19 was a “double whammy” for millions of people in 2020, he said cyclone ‘Amphan’, which made landfall on May 20 last year near the India-Bangladesh border , it was “the most expensive”. Tropical Cyclone Recorded for the North Indian Ocean ”, with reported economic losses in India of approximately US $ 14 billion.
The WMO flagship report, which documents indicators of the climate system, including greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations, rising land and ocean temperatures, rising sea levels, melting ice and retreating glaciers and extreme weather, he said the pandemic-related economic slowdown failed to stem the drivers of climate change.
“This report shows that we have no time to waste. The climate is changing and the impacts are already too costly for people and the planet. This is the year of action. Countries must commit to net zero emissions by 2050. They must present, well before COP26 (26th session of the UN climate conference) in Glasgow, ambitious national climate plans that will collectively reduce global emissions by 45% compared to 2010 levels in 2030, ”said UN Secretary General António Guterres, launching the report.
WMO presents this report ahead of the April 22-23 Virtual Climate Leaders Summit, convened by the President of the United States, Joe Biden, to advance the efforts of major economies to reduce GHG emissions and meet the objectives of the Paris Agreement on climate change. keep the temperature rise well below 2 degrees C above pre-industrial levels by the end of the century, and up to 1.5 degrees C if possible.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be among 40 world leaders, including those from EU countries, UK, China, Australia and Bangladesh, who will join the virtual leaders’ summit.
Noting how all key climate indicators and associated impacts provided information on the increasing occurrence and intensification of extreme events globally, and the serious loss and damage affecting people, societies and economies, the Secretary-General of the OMM, Petteri Taalas, said: “The negative trend in Climate will continue for decades to come regardless of our success in mitigation. Therefore, it is important to invest in adaptation. One of the most powerful ways to adapt is to invest in early warning services and meteorological observing networks. ”
The WMO had published its initial findings, based on data from January to October 2020, in December last year.

Times of India