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CSIR institutions develop in situ O2 enrichment plants | India News


NEW DELHI: Amid shortages of medical grade oxygen for the growing number of Covid patients in the country, the Dehradun-based Indian Petroleum Institute has devised a homegrown solution to rapidly install oxygen enrichment units in the hospitals themselves, precious time during the pandemic.
Meanwhile, another institution of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), the Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (CMERI) based in Durgapur, has developed an oxygen enrichment unit that can operate quite efficiently up to an altitude of 14,000 feet, helping to treat Covid patients in the northeastern states and other high-altitude terrain and battlefields in the Himalayan region.
“The oxygen enrichment units developed at CSIR’s Indian Petroleum Institute (CSIR-IIP) are best suited for hospitals. It can generate up to 500 liters per minute (LPM) of oxygen, ”said CSIR DG Shekhar Mande.
He noted that, given the high requirements of hospitals, internal generation of medical-grade oxygen offers independence from “external parties and eliminates the risk and difficulty of handling bulky cylinders.” Developed through indigenous components, the oxygen concentrator enables hospitals to reduce their oxygen delivery cost by up to 50% while ensuring 24/7 operation with minimal hand-held requirement working. With a capacity of 500 LPM, it can meet the needs of 5 to 25 critical Covid patients.
“Compared to cylinders and liquid oxygen (LOX), this is considerably lower in delivery cost per liter of oxygen,” said Anjan Ray, director of CSIR-IIP, while noting how oxygen can be delivered from medical grade at about 13 rupees per liter. much lower than the government price cap. It can be configured in 50-100 square feet within hospitals.

Times of India