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WEF Gender Gap Index: India Falls 28 Places, Ranked 140th out of 156 Countries | India News

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NEW DELHI: India has dropped 28 spots to rank 140 out of 156 countries in the World Economic Forum’s 2021 Global Gender Gap Report, making it the third worst performing country in South Asia.
According to the report, India has closed 62.5 percent of its gender gap to date.
The country was ranked 112th out of 153 countries in the 2020 Global Gender Gap Index.
Noting that the decline also occurred in the Economic Participation and Opportunity sub-index, albeit to a lesser extent, the report said that India’s gender gap in this dimension widened by 3 percent this year, leading to a gap of 32.6 percent closed to date.
Most of the decline was in the political empowerment sub-index, where India fell 13.5 percentage points, with a significant decrease in the number of women ministers (from 23.1% in 2019 to 9.1% in 2021) .
“Among the drivers of this decrease is a decrease in the participation rate of women in the labor force, which fell from 24.8% to 22.3%. In addition, the proportion of women in professional and technical functions decreased even further. up to 29.2%. The proportion of the number of women in senior and managerial positions also remains low: only 14.6 percent of these positions are held by women and only 8.9 percent by companies with women in senior management, “according to the report.
Furthermore, the estimated earned income of women in India is only one-fifth that of men, putting the country in the bottom 10 globally on this indicator, he said.
Discrimination against women is also reflected in the health and survival sub-index statistics. With 93.7 percent of this gap closed to date, India is among the bottom five countries in this sub-index.
The large differences in the sex ratio at birth are due to the high incidence of gender-based sex selection practices. Furthermore, more than one in four women has faced intimate violence in her lifetime, according to the report.
“On the contrary, 96.2% of the gender gap of the sub-index of educational attainment has been closed, with parity achieved in primary, secondary and tertiary education. However, gender gaps persist in terms of literacy: a a third of women are illiterate (34.2%) compared to 17.6% of men, “he added.
Among India’s neighbors, Bangladesh ranked 65, Nepal 106, Pakistan 153, Afghanistan 156, Bhutan 130 and Sri Lanka 116.
Among regions, South Asia ranks second on the lowest performing index, with 62.3% of its overall gender gap closed.
Within the region, a large gulf separates the best performing country, Bangladesh, which has closed 71.9% of its gender gap so far, from Afghanistan, which has only closed 44.4% of its gap.
“India is the third worst performing country in the region, having closed 62.5 percent of its gap. Due to its large population, India’s performance has a substantial impact on the overall performance of the region,” the report said.
In South Asia, only Pakistan and Afghanistan ranked lower than India.
The report indicated that India, home to 600 million women, has widened its gender gap from nearly 66.8 percent a year ago to 62.5 percent this year.
In Pakistan and Afghanistan, the income of an average woman is below 16 percent of that of an average man, while in India it is 20.7 percent, he said.
As the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic continues to be felt, the global gender gap has increased by a generation from 99.5 years to 135.6 years, the report noted.
Now in its 15th year, the report compares the evolution of gender gaps in four areas: economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival, and political empowerment. It also examines the drivers of gender gaps and outlines the policies and practices necessary for a gender-inclusive recovery.
For the 12th time, Iceland is the most gender-equal country in the world. The 10 most gender-equal countries include Finland, Norway, New Zealand, Rwanda, Sweden, Ireland, and Switzerland.

Times of India

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