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Assam survey dates: geographic, ethnic and linguistic factors at play | India News

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GUWAHATI: The Election Commission of India (ECI) appears to have strictly followed distinctive geographic, ethnic and linguistic divisions while finalizing the voting schedule for the upcoming Assembly Assembly elections.
He has also paid special attention to the two most important festivals in the state, Rongali Bihu and Pohela Boishakh (in Barak Valley), as the calendar finalizes. Both festivals are held in mid-April, the last phase of the elections in Assam will conclude much earlier.
The Brahmaputra Valley (comprising Assamese indigenous and tribal populations mainly in Upper Assam), the Bengali-dominated Barak Valley, and minority-dominated western Assam and the Bodo will go to the polls in three different phases, taking into account Keep all of the aforementioned aspects in mind, as well as keeping security and convenient logistics moving factors in mind.
The vast tea belt dominated by the adivasis of origin on the Chhotanagpur plateau will go to the polls in the first phase on March 27, when elections will be held in 47 seats. Sources said that the Upper Assam region, where Bihu is the most important festival, has remained in the first phase. “Rongali Bihu fever is taking hold of Upper Assam, inhabited mainly by Assamese indigenous and tribal communities. Probably the EC considered the representation of various stakeholders and decided to hold elections here first, ”said Assam’s main elections office spokesman Rahul Chandra Das.
The mountainous districts of Karbi Anglong and Dima Hasao have been grouped together with the three districts of the Barak valley – Cachar, Karimganj and Hailakandi – for the convenience of the force movement, as elections are scheduled to be held in this region in the second phase on April 1. Elections will be held in 39 seats in Phase II.
The third and final phase of the elections will cover most of the electoral districts in lower and western Assam, as well as the areas of the Bodoland Territorial Region (BTR) that have become a vital factor in successive Assam elections. . Assam’s electoral director Nitin Khade said the election calendar supports the smooth movement of logistics and forces. Most of the vehicles are requisitioned in Guwahati and nearby areas for the elections in Assam. “The crossed movement of logistics and forces is undesirable. From the upper region of Assam, traveling through the central districts and the Barak valley in the second phase, the polls will eventually conclude in the lower or western part of Assam, ”added Khade.
In addition to the Bodo-inhabited region, Muslim émigrés play a decisive role in the Lower Assam region, where the ruling BJP coalition desperately needs to win to demonstrate its pan-Assam acceptability. The saffron festival has already emerged strongly in the Upper Assam region, the mountainous districts and the Barak Valley. But it needs to fight adversities in the lower and central region of Assam, where a delay by the government in endorsing the updated National Register of Citizens (NRC) could put the ruling coalition in trouble.
For the ruling BJP, the issue of the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) may also put him in a dilemma, as Barak and Brahmaputra Valley remain at opposite poles when it comes to the implementation of the CAA. Unlike the Barak Valley, most people and organizations in the Brahmaputra Valley, including central and lower Assam, have vehemently opposed the CAA since 2019. The implementation of Clause 6 of the Assam Agreement, that guarantees the political-sociocultural identity of the Assamese people, could become a game changer.
One political commentator said the latest phase in lower Assam, where BJP is comparatively skeptical of their performance, may give them an advantage. “If the BJP can show its strength in the rest of the state, where it has performed well in successive elections, the pendulum may swing in its favor automatically in the last phase in lower Assam,” he added.
Political analyst and University of Gauhati professor Akhil Ranjan Dutta said: “The BJP’s electoral victory in Assam depends on consolidation between certain communities: tea tribes, programmed tribes and Bengali Hindus. The resources that the government has already distributed through the different beneficiary schemes can be a decisive factor ”.
When it comes to election campaigns, BJP is way ahead of the rest. He has a seated CM (Sonowal) and NaMO, Shah and Nadda have been visiting the state regularly. He didn’t have any CM faces in 2016.
On the other hand, Congress has yet to find a leader with a pan-Assam face since the death of former CM Tarun Gogoi. Its association with AIUDF of Badaruddin Ajmal is still in its infancy. Additionally, two regional parties, AJP and Raijor Dal, may cut Congressional votes while vigorously challenging the BJP for the CAA.
“The ECI decision reflects the demands of the prevailing situation and we welcome the holding of elections in the state in three phases,” said BJP State Unit Chairman Ranjeet Dass.
Bobbeeta Sharma, head of media for the Assam Congress, added: “We wanted elections in three phases, but after Bihu. BJP wanted two phases before Bihu. So the EC upheld both parties’ request, I guess. ”

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