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The idea of ​​climate action should not be to move the goal of climate ambition to 2050: India in the UN Security Council | India News


UNITED NATIONS: India has said that the idea of ​​climate action should not be to move the goal to 2050 and that countries should meet their pre-2020 commitments, calling on the global community to view climate change as a “wake-up call. “to strengthen multilateralism and seek equitable solutions for a sustainable world.
The Minister of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, Prakash Javadekar, said on Tuesday that the fulfillment of the commitment of developed countries to jointly mobilize USD 100 billion per year by 2020 in support of climate action in developing countries has been elusive.
He spoke at the UN Security Council open debate on “Maintaining International Peace and Security: Addressing Climate-Related Risks to International Peace and Security.”
“The idea of ​​climate action should not be to move the goal of climate ambition to 2050. It is important that countries fulfill their commitments prior to 2020. Climate Action must go hand in hand with the framework of financial, technical and capacity building for countries that need it, ”he said.
The year 2050 is when nations have been asked to achieve net zero CO2 emissions. Emissions must be cut in half by 2030 and reach net zero emissions by 2050 to reach the 1.5 degrees Celsius target of the Paris agreement.
He said that as nations prepare to meet for the 26th UN Conference of the Parties on Climate Change (COP26) in Glasgow in November, there is a “significant opportunity” for countries to integrate low-carbon development into their actions. rescue and recovery programs and long-term mitigation strategies that are scheduled to be announced at the summit.
The summit will bring the parties together to accelerate action towards the goals of the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
“So let’s transition to a more climate-friendly lifestyle by adapting to a low-carbon development path based on our needs and not our greed. Let us consider climate change as a wake-up call and an opportunity to strengthen multilateralism and seek equitable and inclusive solutions to leave a greener, cleaner and more sustainable world for our future generations, ”he said.
In his speech, Javadekar emphasized that the global community has addressed the issue of climate change through the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement, which together represent a “delicately balanced” global democratic effort to take climate measurements in a certain way at the national level. based on ‘Common but differentiated responsibility and respective capabilities’.
“Therefore, before we begin to discuss the topic of climate securitization, we must ensure that we are not building a parallel climate track in which these mechanisms and principles are ignored or not properly considered,” he said.
Noting that even the best available science claims that climate change only exacerbates conflict and is not a reason for conflict and does not threaten peace and security, he said that in a number of fragile contexts, where governments are struggling to provide Basic services due to capacity and legitimacy issues, chronic emergencies and famine risks are largely driven by ongoing political violence disrupting harvests and aid supplies rather than weather factors only.
Javadekar also noted that countries’ Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) largely refer to mitigation commitments and adaptation requirements that collectively determine whether countries will achieve the goal of Paris to limit the global average temperature rise to well below 2 ° C.
While climate change does not directly or inherently cause violent conflict, its interaction with other social, political and economic factors can nonetheless exacerbate drivers of conflict and fragility and have negative impacts on peace, stability and security, He said.
India suggested that to better integrate climate change adaptation and peacebuilding, there is a need to build strong governance structures at the local, national and regional levels to address climate-related risks and fragility.
Javadekar also underlined that the impacts of climate change and its associated security risks have important gender dimensions, and women and girls experience the interaction between climate change and peace and security in direct and profound ways.
Highlighting the important steps taken by India to fight climate change and meet its commitments, Javadekar said New Delhi’s mitigation strategies have emphasized clean and efficient energy systems; ecological, safe, intelligent and sustainable mass urban transport network; planned afforestation; and integrate ecological thinking in all sectors of production and consumption.
He said that India is the only country on track among the G20 nations to meet its climate change mitigation commitments and that the country is not only meeting its Paris Agreement targets, but will also exceed them. India, which currently has the fastest growing solar energy program in the world, has expanded access to clean cooking fuel to more than 80 million households.
India’s commitment to install 450 gigawatts of renewable energy, phase out single-use plastic, 100 percent rail electrification, and create an additional carbon sink by restoring 26 million hectares of degraded land, among other measures have only added to its climate ambitions, he added. .

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