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India Commits to Sustained Human Presence in Space | India News


BENGALURU: India, which is preparing for the launch of the first unmanned mission in December 2021 as part of its manned spaceflight program (Gaganyaan), is committed to a sustained human presence in space, reveals the latest policy.
The Department of Space (DoS), as part of a series of new policy initiatives, has prepared a draft “Human Space Policy-2021”, which also envisions joint human missions with international partners in the future, while opening up commercial opportunities. for industry.
The document says that the manned space program plans to conduct a demonstration of manned spaceflight to LEO (Low Earth Orbit) in the short term and to lay the foundation for long-term sustained exploration that will allow presence at LEO and beyond.
TOI was the first to report that India’s ambitions go beyond the Gaganyaan and that Isro is also planning a space station of its own. “Gagnayaan is the beginning and we will not stop there. We will continue the program and send people to the space station and to the Moon, ”Isro President K Sivan told TOI in January 2019, five months before India officially announced plans for a space station.
As with Gaganyaan, the long-term program will see Isro undertake capacity development measures (collaborations, infrastructure development, modernization, technology development, etc.) and foster new industries, creating high-tech jobs, enabling socio-economic growth. .
“International cooperation will be a tool to undertake projects of mutual interest to improve knowledge in diversified domains. Collaborating partners’ expertise will be used to add scientific value and accelerate programs. The participation of national research institutions, the academic world and the industry in international human programs is also foreseen, with the DoS and the Isro acting as focal points, ”the document reads.
Stating that India is committed to maintaining its role as a leading space travel nation, the DoS said this will happen through innovation and collaborations in alignment with national interests.
The draft will be in the public domain for comments until the end of February. From identifying and developing critical technologies to enabling academia, R&D institutions, and private industry to participate in the program, the draft has established a broad outline of the policy and specific guidelines will be announced in the future.
Noting that manned spaceflight programs around the world have brought great economic and technological benefits, the DoS says, “Manned spaceflight programs need to be sustained for longer periods of time to generate tangible benefits.”
“… This decision comes at a time when the space industry, both nationally and globally, is undergoing a transformation in which non-traditional players are striving to play a greater role in the overall space economy,” the document says.
DoS said that given the collaborative nature of manned space flight, it is essential to have a policy framework on manned space flight, which not only encourages collaboration, but also addresses concerns about proliferation and compliance with policies, laws and existing treaties.

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