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Opinion

Scientists Outline Steps to Safely Receive Covid-19 Vaccine

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Following accounts of possible allergies to the Covid-19 vaccines produced by Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna, scientists have outlined the steps to safely receive the second dose of the therapeutic in individuals who develop a reaction to their first dose.

The research, published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice, summarized what is currently known about allergic reactions to vaccines such as those developed against Covid-19. In the study, a team of experts led by allergists from Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) in the US proposed detailed advice so that people with different allergy histories can safely receive their Covid-19 vaccine.

After a more detailed review of data related to allergic reactions, the US FDA recommended that mRNA vaccines, based on the genetic material of the novel coronavirus, be withheld only from people with a history of allergic reactions. serious to any component of Covid-19. vaccine.

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also recommended that all patients be observed for 15 minutes after vaccination by personnel who can identify and monitor such reactions. In the review research, Aleena Banerji, MD, clinical director of the Allergy and Clinical Immunology Unit at MGH, and her colleagues outlined the steps to safely receive the second dose in individuals who develop a reaction to the first dose of the vaccine. Covid-19.

“Our guidelines are based on the recommendations of US regulatory agencies and provide clear steps to the medical community on how to safely administer both doses of the vaccine to people with a history of allergies,” Banerji said.

According to experts, allergic reactions to vaccines are rare, with a rate of about 1.3 per 1 million people. They said the mRNA vaccines developed by Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna will have an equally low rate of allergic reactions.

Researchers recommend that people with a history of anaphylaxis to an injectable drug or vaccines containing polyethylene glycol or polysorbate speak with their allergists before getting vaccinated. Banerji and his co-authors also suggested that vaccine clinics monitor all patients for 15 to 30 minutes to monitor for any allergic reactions that occur. They said that even patients with severe allergies to food, oral medications, latex, or poison can safely receive Covid-19 vaccines.

Hindustan Times

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