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What triggered the funding crisis for the SC | India News


NEW DELHI: The revision of the post-matrix scholarship scheme for the scheduled castes with a 60:40 split of funds between the Center and the states has been forced by a 2018 formula created by the social justice ministry that triggered a crisis , by putting a question mark on BR Ambedkar’s personal initiative addresses independence to promote education among the most deprived social group.
While the Center and the states have consistently played cat and mouse with funding, there was a virtual deadlock when the social justice ministry stopped clearing arrears. The exceptional soared to around Rs 9,000 crore in 2017.
Until 2017, PMS followed the “Committed Liability” (CL) formula whereby the state’s annual share was the amount it spent in the last year of a five-year plan period.
As arrears mounted, there were complaints in Delhi that states were depressing their demand in the final year of the plan to keep their burden down.
Around 2018, the PMS crisis reached a critical point. Then the secretary for social justice and empowerment told the standing parliamentary commission that the 2018-19 budget of Rs 7,750 crore for the ministry, contrary to its demand of Rs 11,027 crore, will seriously affect the PMS as it already It was reeling from accumulated arrears of Rs 8,600 crore to 2017-18.
When the Center decided to clear the arrears, it made the “CL formula” more stringent, changing CL from the “last year of a plan period” to the “highest expense in any of the five years”.
As a result, the financial burden fell overwhelmingly on the states. Sources said that as many as 15 states stopped getting core funding for the scheme, while the Center’s total annual share in PMS fell to Rs 1,100 crore (10-11%) between 2017-2020. On the contrary, until 2017, the Center’s participation was approximately 60%.
This pushed the states against the wall, resulting in a question mark on the PMS, the most sought-after scheme among Dalits that has played a key role in increasing community enrollment in post-secondary higher education. independence. Connoisseurs and experts argue that making the CL formula tighter in 2018 was a false move that was doomed to fail if the PMS was to be kept afloat. Now, the revision to fix 60% of the cost of the PMS in the Center is an offer to return to a balance.

Times of India