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Big drop in malaria cases in India in 2019: WHO | India News


NEW DELHI: India has made considerable progress in reducing its malaria burden and is the only highly endemic country to report a 17.6% decrease in cases during 2019 compared to the previous year, says the Report. World Health Organization Report on Malaria 2020.
India is also witnessing the largest absolute decline in the WHO South-East Asia region, although it still accounts for 88% of malaria cases and 86% of related deaths in the region. In India, between 2000 and 2019, malaria cases fell by more than 83% to around 3.38 lakh, while deaths fell by 92%.
Cases and deaths have decreased a significant 21.3% and 20%, respectively, in 2019 compared to the previous year. The total number of malaria cases reported through October this year fell 45.02% year-on-year, the government said.
States such as Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Meghalaya, and Madhya Pradesh together accounted for almost 45.47% of the total malaria cases in the country in 2019. They were also responsible for 63.64% of malaria deaths.
The government intensified malaria elimination efforts with the launch of the National Framework for the Elimination of Malaria (NFME) in 2016. It was followed by the national strategic plan for the elimination of malaria (2017-22), launched by the Ministry of Health in July 2017, which established strategies for the next five years.
In 2019, global malaria cases stood at 229 million, an estimate that has remained unchanged for the past four years. Deaths from the disease have dropped slightly to around 4.09 lakh in 2019 compared to 4.11 lakh in 2018.

Times of India