Others should seek to follow India-Denmark Green Strategic Partnership, says Danish climate minister
India and Denmark recently signed a Green Strategic Partnership, the first such agreement for both countries. Dan Jorgensen, the Danish Minister of Climate and Energy, in an interview with the Hindustan Times, explained its importance. Edited excerpts:
What is the importance of the Green Strategic Association? Is this unique in the world?
The Green Strategic Partnership is extremely important both to us and to the world. India and Denmark are in a very fortunate situation where we can really help each other and learn from each other. Denmark is a pioneer in renewable energy, especially offshore wind, where we are in the process of using this technology to create “energy”. islands ”. As Prime Minister Narendra Modi noted about the partnership, “Denmark has the skills, India has the scale.” India has ambitious plans for renewable energy and I am very impressed with these plans. Denmark has skills that could be used to help India achieve those goals.
I hesitate to say that the association is the first, as I am not sure if other countries do not have similar agreements. But it is the first time that Denmark has signed an association of this kind. We definitely hope that other countries see this strategic partnership as something they would like to pursue. We, as part of a global community, look to the United Nations on climate issues but we must also create bilateral alliances in this field.
Denmark and India are very different in size and climate. Why should they have looked at each other to form a partnership?
First of all, there is great friendship, trust and good cooperation between our two countries. Our authorities are used to working together. We have a history of efficient knowledge transfer. The scale of the energy transformation that India is undergoing will be a benefit not only for India but also for the whole world. India is a key player in the fight against climate change. More specifically, if we want to have the opportunity to comply with the Paris agreement, India is a key player given its size. Other countries expect India to take a leadership role on climate. We are all impressed by the level of ambition that India has shown in green energy.
Denmark has many areas of expertise in renewables. I think we can help a lot in the wind. We have the most experience in offshore wind energy, with the first offshore wind farm established in Denmark in 1991. There has been remarkable technological advancement in this area. In many places, offshore wind power competes with coal. The next level of technology is the energy island where many wind farms are connected to an island that serves as an energy center. We already have two islands, one gigawatt and three gigawatts. We are increasing the second to 10 gigawatts. The technology exists to scale this and use this power to create hydrogen that can then be used as a liquid fuel for heavy transportation, including trucks, ships, and planes. This would solve key problems in renewables: one, how you store energy and, two, how you put renewable energy into your transportation system.
Where will green cooperation go in the future?
Indian government officials and experts are looking at our plans for offshore wind with interest. But our plans for the future are to bring wind power to a whole new area. We do not see this as a sector in which we are competing with other countries, it is something in which we have to work with other countries with the ultimate goal of global energy transformation.
At the global level, first of all, we must comply with the Paris agreement. At present, we are not on the right track globally. But I’m optimistic, thanks to developments among the world’s top emitters, including India, China and the United States. I am particularly pleased that the United States has committed to re-entering the Paris agreement.