The Moment’s Need for Multilateralism for Sustainable Recovery in the Post-Covid-19 World: PM Modi
Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the G20 Summit on Sunday affirmed that for an inclusive, resilient and sustainable recovery in a post-Covid world, effective global governance is required and reformed multilateralism is the need of the moment.
In a G20 session, he also underlined the importance of the ‘2030 Agenda for the Sustainable Development Goals’, which aims to “leave no one behind.”
The prime minister said that India is following the same principle in the ‘Reform-Realize-Transform’ strategy to advance and carry out inclusive development efforts that are participatory, according to a statement by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MEA).
With the changing situation in the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic, Modi said, India has adopted a “self-sufficient India” initiative. By following this vision, based on its competence and reliability, India will become an important and reliable pillar of the world economy and global supply chains, he said.
The prime minister also underlined that for an inclusive, resilient and sustainable recovery in a post-Covid world, effective global governance and reformed multilateralism is required through enhancing the character, governance and processes of multilateral institutions is the need of the moment.
The agenda for the second day of the G20 summit focused on a session on building an inclusive, sustainable and resilient future.
In a message recorded at a G20 summit side event, ‘Safeguarding the Planet: The Circular Carbon Economy Approach’, Modi said that climate change should not be fought in silos, but in an integrated, comprehensive and holistic.
He stated that the entire world can progress faster if there is greater support from technology and finance to developing nations.
Modi said India is not only meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement, it is also exceeding them.
“Inspired by our traditional spirit of living in harmony with the environment and my government’s commitment, India has embraced low-carbon and climate-resilient development practices,” he said.
The prime minister said that for humanity to prosper, each individual must prosper. “Rather than seeing work as a single factor of production, the focus should be on the human dignity of each worker,” Modi said.
Such an approach would be the best guarantee to safeguard the planet, he said.
Modi said that in times of Covid-19, when everyone is focused on saving citizens and economies from the effects of the global pandemic, it is equally important to keep the focus on fighting climate change.
“Climate change must be fought not in silos, but in an integrated, comprehensive and holistic way,” he said, highlighting that India is not only meeting its Paris Agreement goals, but is also exceeding them.
India is a signatory to the Paris Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Paris agreement was adopted at the UN climate conference “COP 21” held in the French capital in 2015 with the aim of reducing dangerous greenhouse gas emissions.
Underlining that India has taken concrete action in many areas, Modi said the country has popularized LED lights, noting that this saves 38 million tons of carbon dioxide emissions per year.
“Smoke-free kitchens have been provided to more than 80 million homes through our Ujjwala Program. This is one of the biggest clean energy drives globally, ”he said.
“There are efforts to eliminate single-use plastics; our forest cover is expanding; the lion and tiger population is increasing; our goal is to restore 26 million hectares of degraded land by 2030; and we are fostering a circular economy, ”said the prime minister.
India is building next-generation infrastructure such as metro networks, waterways and more, Modi said, adding that in addition to convenience and efficiency, they will also contribute to a cleaner environment.
“We will meet our goal of 175 gigawatts of renewable energy well before the 2022 goal. Now, we are taking a big step forward by seeking to reach 450 gigawatts by 2030,” he said.
Modi also noted that the International Solar Alliance (ISA) is among the fastest growing international organizations, with 88 signatories.
With plans to mobilize billions of dollars, train thousands of stakeholders and promote research and development in renewable energy, ISA will contribute to reducing the carbon footprint, he said.
Modi also cited the example of the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI), saying that 18 countries, including nine from the G20 and four international organizations, have already joined the coalition.
The CDRI has begun to work on increasing the resilience of critical infrastructure, he noted, and stated that damage to infrastructure during natural disasters is an issue that has not received the attention it deserves.
The poorest nations are especially hard hit by this and therefore this coalition is important, Modi added.
Noting that this is the best time to continue increasing research and innovation in new and sustainable technologies, Modi said it should be done in a spirit of cooperation and collaboration.
The prime minister thanked Saudi Arabia for hosting a successful Riyadh Summit and welcomed Italy when it will assume the G20 presidency in 2021, according to the MEA statement.
It was decided that Indonesia will hold the presidency of the G20 in 2022, India in 2023 and Brazil in 2024, the MEA said.
At the end of the Summit, a Declaration by the G20 Leaders was issued calling for coordinated global action, solidarity and multilateral cooperation to overcome current challenges and seize the opportunities of the 21st century for all, empowering people, safeguarding the planet and shaping new frontiers. PTI ASK ANB ANB ANB