Marxist-Leninist Principles Drive Search for China: Report | India News
Military personnel stand in formation next to a portrait of Chinese President Xi Jinping (back) outside the Forbidden City in Beijing (AFP file photo)
NEW DELHI: The ideological driving force behind China’s quest for global dominance flows from an authoritarian “pervasive sensibility” based on its vision of Marxist-Leninist principles and is critical to understanding the communist giant’s actions, according to a recent report from the US Department of State.
The State Department report, which attracted attention here for its references to China’s efforts to contain India, has dwelt extensively on President Xi Jinping’s pledge to spread the influence of Chinese socialism around the world, arguing that Despite the apparent contradictions, there is no conflict promoting Chinese hyper-nationalism and communist thought.
“That (Chinese) sensibility is authoritarian, collectivist, and imperial. Two streams of ideas nurture it. The CCP’s seminal writings and speeches proclaim the cardinal principles of Marxism-Leninism as interpreted by successive Chinese communist leaders who began with Mao Zedong. The CCP’s writings and speeches also defend an extreme interpretation of Chinese nationalism, “the report states.
The hybrid result is an ideological stance that is neither strictly communist nor purely nationalist, but seeks the dominance of a single party and thought.
“The CCP reconciles the conflicting imperatives of Marxism-Leninism and its extreme interpretation of Chinese nationalism by assigning China the dominant role in interpreting the final configuration of international socialism, its achievement and its administration,” the report states.
The report notes, as do several comments, that Xi, like China’s founding leader Mao Zedong, is fully dedicated to the goal of ensuring the communist party’s supremacy in China’s affairs. The model seeks to reshape the world order that the Chinese leadership tells its citizens is unfair and west-oriented, while neglecting human rights issues.
Commentators have pointed out that, in the view of the Chinese Communists, the party’s rule is fully “democratic” as it reflects the will of the people even in the absence of a democratic exercise. Although the controls have become more subtle and unobtrusive, they remain essentially modeled after 20th century Leninist methods in which the party is in charge of all elements of national life.
“Neither the communist authoritarianism that the CCP has imposed on the people of China nor its hyper-nationalism are inevitable. In fact, prominent alternatives have flourished in the region. No less steeped in Confucian traditions … the people of Hong Kong, Taiwan and the South Korea embraced freedom and democracy, “says the US report.
The report notes that ideological indoctrination is among the party’s top concerns and Xi is determined to put the power of the state to support a single-point understanding of economics, politics and international relations. “We will work harder to study and develop Marxist theory,” he promised in 2017. “We will foster a Marxist learning style and make it a regular practice and an institutionalized requirement for all members of the party.”