Prime Minister Modi criticizes Pakistan as terrorism and vaccine, tops BRIC agenda
As the Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa (Brics) group adopted a new counterterrorism strategy on Tuesday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi called for countries that aid and support terrorists to be found guilty.
Participating in the Brics Virtual Summit chaired by Russian President Vladimir Putin, Modi also called on group members to support a move by India and South Africa to secure the exemption of Covid-19 vaccines from intellectual property agreements.
Multilateralism, Modi said, is facing a crisis and questions are being raised about the functioning of global institutions, as they have not kept pace with the times and are based on the mindset of 75 years ago.
In an unspoken reference to Pakistan-backed terrorism, Modi, speaking in Hindi, said: “Terrorism is the biggest problem facing the world today. We must ensure that countries that help and support terrorists are also found guilty and this problem is resolved in an organized manner. ”
He described the completion of the Brics counter-terrorism strategy as a “major achievement” and said that India, as the president of the Brics from next year, will carry this work forward.
In a subsequent intervention, Modi suggested that the national security advisers of the BRIC states should discuss the formulation of a plan of action against terrorism.
The Brics counter-terrorism strategy, which will allow member states to develop common measures and coordinate more closely in the UN and other forums and promote the implementation of the UN’s global counter-terrorism strategy, was adopted at the end of the summit.
Modi’s statements on terrorism were backed by Putin, who said that some countries were like the “black sheep of the family” and that the world cannot afford any complacency in tackling issues like terrorism and the pandemic.
With a group of developing countries led by India and South Africa urging the World Trade Organization (WTO) this week to waive patent protections for Covid-19 vaccines to make them accessible to poor countries, Modi said: “India and South Africa have proposed that Covid-19 vaccines and treatments be exempt from intellectual property agreements. We hope that other BRIC countries will support this. ”
He added that India’s vaccine production and distribution capacity will be used for the benefit of humanity. Among the BRIC countries, Russia has approved a vaccine for the disease, although experts say this has been done without adequate testing, and China has granted emergency approval to three vaccines, including one intended solely for military personnel. India has three vaccines that are in human trials.
Also read: BRICS countries urge a joint global effort to combat terrorism
WTO laws allow for compulsory licensing, where a member country has the right to authorize the use of a vaccine or a patented drug to a local company or even an arm of the government, even if the patent holder does not Do you agree with this. However, this can only be done under some conditions and will also require that the patent holder be adequately compensated.
Noting that significant geostrategic changes taking place around the world will affect security, stability and growth, Modi said the BRIC countries will play an important role in addressing these issues.
The multilateral system is going through a crisis and doubts are being raised about the credibility of global institutions, as they have not changed with the times and operate with outdated mentalities, he said. In addition to the UN Security Council, reforms are needed at the WTO, IMF and WHO, he added.
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The BRIC countries, with 42% of the world’s population, will play a key role in the post-Covid-19 economic recovery and there is scope to increase mutual trade, Modi said. India’s Atmanirbhar Bharat initiative, which aims to make the country self-sufficient and resilient, can be a force multiplier for the post-Covid-19 economy and contribute to global supply chains, he added.
Together, the BRIC countries account for 33% of world GDP and close to 20% of world trade, and the presence of China in the group skews these numbers.
This was the second time in a week that Modi and President Xi Jinping were on the same virtual platform since the India-China border clash came to light in May. The theme of the Brics Summit was “Global Stability, Shared Security and Innovative Growth” and its agenda included global issues such as the reform of the multilateral system and measures to mitigate the impact of the pandemic.