Tirhut and Mithilanchal regions push NDA forward
PATNA – Known for its folk art, rich history, and the ravages of annual floods, the Tirhut and Mithilanchal regions propelled the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) to a narrow victory over its rival, the Great Opposition Alliance, in the recently concluded assembly elections in Bihar. .
These two regions, spread across the north and northwest of the state, went to the polls in the second and third phases of the three-phase assembly elections and helped the NDA offset the losses it suffered in the first phase of the elections. elections. On October 28, he showed data from the Electoral Commission.
The NDA was comprised of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Janata Dal (United), Vikassheel Insaan Party (VIP), and Hindustani Awam Morcha-Secular (HAM-S). The GA was made up of the Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD), Congress and three left-wing parties.
Overall, the NDA won 29% of the 71 seats in the first phase, 52% of the 94 seats in the second phase and 66.7% of the 78 seats in the third phase, an analysis by HT showed.
In the Tirhut region, which borders Nepal and comprises the eastern and western Champaran, Sitamarhi, Muzaffarpur and Vaishali districts, the NDA won up to 32 of the 49 seats in the assembly. The BJP won 25 and the JD (U) won five.
The GA managed to snatch only 17 seats, of which the RJD won 14 seats, and Congress won three. The poor performance came despite the GA chief ministerial candidate Tejashwi Yadav handily winning from Raghopur at Vaishali, and his older brother Tej Pratap Yadav securing Hasanpur’s seat at Sitamarhi.
In the Mithilanchal region, where the majority of the population is Maithili-speaking, highly educated but poor, and frequently faced with flood damage, the GA’s performance was even worse.
NDA candidates defeated GA nominees in 26 of 37 constituencies. The RJD claimed success in 10 seats and Congress went blank. The opposition stalwarts like Abdul Bari Siddiqui, Faraz Fatmi, Kripanath Pathak and Bhavna Jha were defeated.
The region, comprising Darbhanga, Madhubani, Samastipur, Barauni, Begusarai and Rosera, is also home to large numbers of Brahmins, who traditionally support the BJP, and the extremely backward classes, a group of smaller backward communities fed by Nitish Kumar over the past 15 years.
Former director of the AN Sinha social studies institute, DM Diwakar, said the BJP managed to tip the election in its favor in Mithilanchal and northern Bihar by galvanizing its rank and file cadres to polarize voters.
“Until the first phase of the vote, which catapulted the GA into the lead, voters were divided and most of the upper castes planned to give the GA a chance to avoid the jobs and sufferings of migrants. But, a sustained campaign launched by the BJP cadres changed the scene days before the elections, ”Diwakar said.
A third factor that favored the NDA was its unexpectedly superior performance in the Kosi-Seemanchal region, which went to the polls in the third phase on November 7.
This area, with a large population of minority communities in Supaul, Madhepura, Saharsa Kishanganj, Purnia, Katihar and Araria districts also dealing with the ravages of flooding and the annual displacement of millions of people, GA suffered a loss important. .
The NDA won 22 of the 37 seats in the region. The RJD had its worst performance in this region, winning just four seats, down from nine in 2015. Congress was limited to five seats. The All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen won the victory in five seats.
In contrast, the GA did well in the Magadh and Shahbad-Bhojpur regions, which went to the polls in the first phase and are traditionally affected by left-wing extremism and caste violence.
The NDA won only 18 of the 49 seats in Magadh and two of the 19 in the Shahabad region. The AG won 31 and 19, respectively.