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India Nepal border dispute: border dispute with India worsens, Nepal to publish new map | India News


NEW DELHI: India and Nepal He appeared to be on the path to a diplomatic confrontation with Nepalese Prime Minister KP Oli, declaring in Parliament on Tuesday that the Kalapani area under the administrative control of India in the Pithoragarh district belonged “indisputably” to Nepal and his government was going to wrest control with political and diplomatic initiatives.
This followed Oli’s cabinet endorsement of a new political map of Nepal showing Kalapani, Limpiyadhura and Lipulekh as the territory of Nepal. He said the map will be released on Wednesday and that there will be celebrations in Nepal once parliament approves it.
While awaiting a formal response from the MEA, official sources here said that India’s own political map released last year described its sovereign territory accurately and that it had not revised the border with Nepal.
India had previously assured Nepal that, as desired by the latter, the foreign affairs secretaries will meet to carry out the border delimitation exercise under the existing mechanism, once the threat of Covid-19 dissipates.
Nepal says the issue of Kalapani boundaries has been on the bilateral agenda for decades. However, only in the recent past has it emerged as a thorny issue with the potential to jeopardize bilateral relations, with Kathmandu repeatedly protesting the new map of India that it says shows the disputed areas as Indian territory.
“These are our territories. We will take back our lands. It is after India occupied these territories for no reason that they appeared to be disputed territories,” Oli said, adding that Nepal had control of these areas until 1962 when the Indian El army was deployed there.
According to Nepal, the disputed areas are located on the eastern side of the Kali River which, according to the Sugauli Treaty of 1816, acts as Nepal’s western boundary with India with its source, as Kathmandu asserts, in Limpiyadhura. India disputes this because it believes that the source of the river is far south of where Nepal claims it exists and that its path to the Lipulekh Pass, the last flash point, lies west of the river, which is the territory of India.
According to Oli, the decision to include the territories on the map of Nepal was made after India opened a road link through the “Nepalese territory”. Indian officials again refuted this and said that the road to the Lipulekh Strategic Pass was built on Indian territory and followed a pre-existing route used by the Kailash Mansarovar pilgrims.
While India has been surprised by the intensity of Nepal’s protests, with Indian Army Chief General M M Naravane even hinting that Kathmandu was probably acting at the behest of China, Nepal says the issue has always been on the bilateral agenda. Kathmandu has cited a 1997 joint statement between India and Nepal that had asked the two sides to examine relevant facts related to the demarcation of boundary alignment in the western sector, including in the Kalapani area. “To say that Nepal did not raise the issue before is not true,” said a diplomatic source.
Oli was also quoted as saying by local media that his government would soon present a proposal to amend the constitution in Parliament to change the map of Nepal as mentioned in Annex 3 of the constitution.
“We can also discuss amendments on other issues in the future. But this is of immediate importance. This will be tabled in Parliament soon,” said the Nepalese prime minister. Leader of the Communist Party of Nepal, Oli is considered close to China.
Watch India border worsens, Nepal launches new map

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