Covid-19: Why India will have to work harder to soften the blocking coup?
Except India, for most other large economies, most workers are wage earners.
Workers in India may be among those most affected by the blockade, as only 2 out of 10 Indians are guaranteed minimum wages and basic wages; For the remaining workers, a lockout could be really punishing. Among other large economies, only Brazil, South Korea and Italy have less than 80% of their workers working without any fixed remuneration. In Russia and the United States, salaried workers make up more than 90% of their workforce.
In most large economies that exclude India, vulnerable workers make up a smaller part of the workforce
Another criterion for measuring employment conditions is the assessment of vulnerable employment. The International Labor Organization and the United Nations define vulnerable employment as the employment situation when workers are classified as self-employed or contributing family workers. These workers are less likely to have formal work arrangements, and therefore lack decent working conditions and social security. This employment situation is characterized by inadequate income, low productivity and difficult working conditions. Migrant workers tend to fall into this category. With the train and bus services closed and without jobs, TOI has registered large groups of migrants walking on foot across the country.
As shown in the table below, India has the highest proportion of vulnerable workers. Economies like South Korea, Italy, and the United Kingdom have more than 10% of their workforce in the vulnerable worker category. For others, the proportion is less than 10%.
Note: Data as of March 26 at 8 p.m. Only the countries that reported more than 500 confirmed cases as of March 25 were analyzed
Graphics: Sajeev Kumarapuram
Source: Johns Hopkins, World Bank, ILO, Global Findex database.