The story of the transformation of Uttar Pradesh, writes Yogi Adityanath – analysis
As our government today completes three years in power in Uttar Pradesh (UP), it is time to see the many challenges we face and how the government overcame them.
One of the challenges was to bring the marginalized and poor into the mainstream. The other was to address the problems of illegal mining and illegal slaughterhouses, essential to preserve our natural habitat. There was, of course, also the other important issue of reforming law and order. On a larger canvas, we needed to change the work culture in the state. For this, we scrapped unnecessary vacations and launched a more robust work spirit. One of the main objectives of my government was to change the madrasa system and improve the education of Muslim students.
When the global investment reached the state, we promoted the development of infrastructure, initiating projects such as the Poorvanchal Highway, the Bundelkhand Highway and the Ganga Highway. Air connectivity is one of our top priorities, and our government is working on 12 new airports. Jewar International Airport has the potential to generate a substantial number of jobs and enable global recognition of UP. Improved connectivity and better law and order have resulted in an 18.6% increase in investor interest in the state.
One of my most difficult tasks was dealing with agrarian distress. And we have managed to help farmers greatly. The state has waived outstanding fees of more than Rs 92,000 crore. Two thirds of the state’s population are engaged in agriculture. Working on the prime minister’s goal of doubling farmers’ income by 2022, the state government has implemented various schemes, such as providing soil health cards to more than 40 million farmers. Thousands of farmers have received a subsidy of 40 to 90% for the purchase of agricultural machinery.
Under the Namami Gange project, the Sisamau sewer in Kanpur was closed, from which 140 million liters of wastewater was discharged daily to the Ganges. The far-reaching result of the work carried out by the state government for the conservation of water in the Ganges and its tributaries will soon bear fruit.
Since Independence, UP has only had 12 medical colleges. We have established seven new medical universities and obtained the approval of 13 more. We are also establishing all the Indian Institutes of Medical Sciences in Gorakhpur and Rae Bareli.
Thanks to Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, the number of encephalitis infections has decreased by 56% and the death rate by 90%. People have started visiting government hospitals again.
No society can progress without education. Through Operation Kayakalp, basic facilities such as providing border walls, restrooms, drinking water, and electrification have been carried out at 92,000 elementary schools. In these schools, 45,383 teachers have been recruited and the recruitment of 69,000 teachers is in its final phase. Similarly, 55 new intergovernmental universities have also been approved in the secondary education sector.
The Vantangia, Kol, Musahar, and Tharu tribes, who have been marginalized for centuries, joined the mainstream when we expanded all public welfare plans to their villages.
Under the Mukhyamantri Samuhik Vivah Yojana, more than one lakh of poor girls received Rs 51,000 each. Our anti-Romeo squads have avoided harassment of women. As a result of Beti Bachao-Beti Padhao and Mukhyamantri Kanya Sumangala Yojana, among other schemes, the sex ratio has improved significantly in various districts.
In order to improve law and order, we have established 41 new police stations, 13 new checkpoints and recruited 1.37 lakh police personnel. By adopting a zero tolerance policy against crime and corruption, the police system has been simplified. While dacoity cases decreased by 59.7% in 2019 compared to 2016, there was a 47.09% decrease in murder cases in the same period.
In opposition to the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, some antisocial elements tried unsuccessfully to disturb the peace, but failed. After identifying the criminals, damage to public property was recovered from them, an effort that has gained support across the country.
Due to efficient planning, per capita income has increased in the state. The per capita income in 2014-15 was Rs 42,267, currently it is Rs 70,419.
For me it is a personal satisfaction that Uttar Pradesh has become the first state to implement the Skills Development Policy, the State Health Policy and declare a conflict between humans and wildlife as a disaster. He also received nine awards under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana, seven under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, two under the Rurban Mission, one under the Livelihood Mission, one under from the Gram Swaraj Abhiyan and one under the National Institute for Rural Development and Panchayati Raj.
In three years, maternal mortality decreased by 30%. Fourteen state organizations were honored in the cleanup survey and UP earned the Nari Shakti Puraskar for establishing a Single Center for the empowerment of women.
These are just some of the steps we have taken. I am confident that the next two years will see further progress in the state. The foundations have been laid for a new Uttar Pradesh.
Yogi Adityanath is the chief minister, Uttar Pradesh. This piece is a translation of CM’s piece, written for HT’s sister publication Hindustan
The opinions expressed are personal.