India ready to take a step forward, assume a larger global role in the ‘polarized’ world: Jaishankar | India News
Addressing a conference of the Policy Research Center, he said that India’s challenge is “to undertake deep reforms and address long-standing governance issues.”
Taking a horizon tour over the emerging geopolitical landscape, Jaishankar said that Indian strategy will have to be more “complex and nuanced” in a world that is changing faster than we can imagine, “as we fight to absorb a nationalist America, a China on the rise. ” , a divided Europe, a revived Russia, a normalized Japan, an insecure ASEAN and an even more disturbed Middle East. Other continents and regions are not exempt from their own challenges, including ours. The economic rebalancing has now begun to translate into its political manifestation. And that means a fundamental revision of the global architecture. ”
The “rebalancing” of the world, he said, is “accompanied by a growing nationalism in vast geographies. There is no doubt that the general mood is more competitive; some would say more selfish. The very nature of politics has changed in different societies. and the disapproval of those who lost does not make it less legitimate. ”
Multilateralism is a victim, alliances have eroded as the United States has changed its own perspective and behavior, he said. Interestingly, this opens the space for the “plurilaterals” and coalitions of the willing powers, as well as the medium-sized ones, such as India, which find more space to operate: “it may be logical for India to emerge as an industry leader in this sense, whether RIC, SCO, Quad or JAI “.
An equally great challenge stems from the fact that, while supply chains, connectivity, terrorism, climate change and pandemics cross national borders, there is less inclination among the major powers to coordinate and work together, and provide A global good.
In the economic sphere, the challenges have multiplied: “the world trading system has felt the pressure of the gains that some obtained from the structural advantages. At one stage, he had to become political; He finally did it. But today, this argument extends beyond non-commercial domains such as connectivity projects, technology options, data protection and security, as well as adherence to IPRs. All of them have strategic connotations … “The economic decisions of India, in terms of trade and openness, have acquired different aspects.” Our economic commitment to the world also requires careful deliberation and effective preparation not to end up eroding our own capabilities How to do better in this emerging geopolitical landscape is a complex exercise that deserves a serious strategy. ”
Even as the world changes, it has not only been more welcoming to India, but India has made a difference in international results in recent years, he said. “Whether in terms of technology, best practices or resources, there is a propensity to partner with a nation whose perspectives are clearly so assured. … We have significantly shaped the debate about connectivity at a time when the world was still confused. And we back it up with a lot of projects, even in our immediate neighborhood. Our determined campaign against terrorism has focused this issue on key global forums, including the G20. With regard to maritime safety, India has become a key player, especially in the Indian Ocean. ”
Asking for more “sober conversations,” Jaishankar said: “Not only has the landscape become more difficult, but the articulation of interests has been a challenge. Competition is not only between states, but often within them, which reflects the tension between the previous and the emerging order. When ideologies, identities and history are mixed with business, politics and strategy, it can create a very potent cocktail. ”