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Employment data: government data shows a drop in job creation by schemes | India Business News


NEW DELHI: Some of the emblematic employment generation and placement schemes, such as the Prime Minister’s Employment Generation Program (PMEGP) and the Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Debt Mission, are expected to experience a sharp decline in creation of employment during the current prosecutor, according to the data presented in Parliament.
The details provided by the Ministry of Labor and Employment indicate that the number of jobs generated under PMEGP plummeted from 5.87 lakh in 2018-19 to 2.57 lakh in 2019-20 (until December 31, 2019). The fall is less strong compared to 2017-18, when the number of people who benefited was 3.87 lakh. The numbers were 4 lakh for 2016-17 and 3.23 lakh for 2015-16.
PMEGP is a credit-related subsidy program administered by the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MIPYMES) with Khadi and Village Industries Commission as the nodal agency to implement the program nationwide.
The PMEGP figures for 2019-20 are the lowest since the Modi government took office in 2014. The biggest decrease in job creation is in Assam, from 29,896 in 2018-19 to 7,576 in 2019-20, and in Jammu and Kashmir, from 60,232 to 20,336. Employment generation was reduced by more than half in Maharashtra (including Dadra and Nagar Haveli) from 45,136 in 2018-19 to 20,032 this year and in Odisha from 24,560 to 9,136.
Government data also pointed to a sharp decline in the placement of qualified people under the DAY-NULM, where locations fell from 1.78 lakh in 2018-19 to 44,066 in the current prosecutor, according to data as of January 27, 2020 As with PMEG, 2018 -19 saw a higher number than 2017-18 (1.15,416) and 2016-17 (1.51,901).
DAY-NULM is a government-managed poverty reduction scheme that aims to provide self-employment and skilled employment opportunities for the urban poor. The fall was more drastic in states like Gujarat, where locations fell from 13,213 to 2,727 until January 27, 2020, and Madhya Pradesh, from 32,501 in 2018-19 to 2,784 in the current prosecutor.
Government data on the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), initiated by the UPA government led by Congress, shows a slowdown in 2019-20 with generated person days falling from 26,796 in 2018- 19 to 20,577, the lowest since 2015-16. Again, the fall is less drastic compared to the person days generated in 2017-18 (23,373) and 2016-17 (23,565).
The pace of skills and placements under the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana also decreased, with the number of trained people who fell from 2.4 lakh to 1.74 lakh, and the number of jobs decreased from 1.35 lakh in 2018-19 to 1.10 lakh this year. Interestingly, here also 2018-19 stands out as a year of high performance.
Labor and Employment Minister Santosh Gangwar, in response to a question from BJP MP Mahendra Solanki, said the government took several steps to generate employment, which included encouraging the private sector, accelerating several projects involving substantial investments and increasing public spending on schemes such as PMEGP, MGNREGS, DDU-GKY and DAY-NULM.

Times of India