A story of two development models, writes Madhav Gadgil – analysis
All political parties today claim to be committed to the development of India. Obviously, people want development (vikas) The original meaning of “vikas“A flower blooms.” The Jain philosophers gave it the connotation of development. According to them vikas is when the world goes from great sadness to great happiness, avanati or regression is when it moves in reverse. Development is when most people move from pain to joy.
The Aam Aadmi (AAP) match has now won for the third time. After winning the elections to the assembly, the party attributed its success to its development achievements, especially in education and medical care. But rivals also claim to be vigorously promoting development. What, then, is the difference? I tried to understand what is happening by understanding people’s perceptions. Then, after the second victory of the AAP, I contacted a party volunteer, a young man with little education in search of employment. He stayed with his uncle selling fruit wholesale in a poor town. I went there and for four hours I listened to the conversations in the store.
Customers were those who sold fruit in handcarts or on the road. They talked mostly about politics. The majority had voted in favor of the AAP and narrated that before the party entered the scene, all political leaders arrived in elegant cars, sat in chairs while people sat on the ground, never asked citizens what they wanted , but simply gave them a lecture. E left. On the contrary, the leaders of the AAP sit down with the people on the ground, ask them what they want and what the party can do for them. The AAP, they said, is dedicated to solidarity development; others pursue their own agenda with arrogance.
It seems that the AAP has fulfilled its promises. Government schools have recorded a 94.24% approval rate on the Central Board of Secondary Education Class 12 exam, 3.5 percentage points higher than private schools. Many citizens of Delhi now prefer the efficient mohalla clinic to “long waits for overly expensive medical consultations” in private hospitals.
In marked contrast is the arrogance of development in Goa. In 2010, I was appointed to the Goa Golden Jubilee Development Council, which was responsible for suggesting appropriate directions for development in the coming years. At the first meeting, officials assured us that there were no problems with the mining sector. Distrusting such statements, I went to field visits.
There were reports of agitation against mining by residents of the village of Caurem in southern Goa. Then I started with Caurem, which is known for a picturesque waterfall. I bathed there and then talked with the locals, who narrated their problems. Then I went up to the mine at the top of the hill. Each mine must submit an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) that is analyzed and, if accepted, the mine can operate under certain conditions. The EIA of this mine said it would not affect water sources. It was required to keep the vegetation intact on the sides of the streams and not block the water sources. In reality, several streams that originate at the mine site were blocked and the vegetation on the shore was destroyed. When I asked the manager to explain, I received a surprising response. He said there were no blue lines on the geological map, and he was obviously under some illusion. When the anger against such mismanagement could not be ignored, the AP Shah Justice Commission was appointed. His 2012 report on illegal mining in Goa stated: “[The] The Mining and Minerals Law was not observed, and an inspection was never carried out that resulted in a “fear-free environment” that has caused losses to ecology, the environment, agriculture, groundwater, natural currents , ponds, rivers, biodiversity, etc. “He estimated illegal profits from such mining at ~ 35,000 crore.
The report led to the suspension of mining. The Supreme Court then allowed resumption conditionally. Immediately, the protests of the villagers of Caurem began to be repressed. Then, the villagers established a multi-purpose cooperative society and proposed to undertake mining that would be carried out legally and, in a way that respects the environment, ensuring that the profits reach the common people instead of a few rich people.
The government did everything possible to discourage this effort, but the people stood firm. That was when his young leader, Ravindra, was illegally arrested and the thugs were sent to prison at midnight to liquidate him. Fortunately, Ravindra’s screams attracted other prisoners, driving thugs away. Then Ravindra escaped with a broken arm.
The capitalist alliance buddy of the mine operators, babus Y net they are afraid that gram sabhas (village councils) really intervene. Then, without making any move to collect the 35,000 million rupees of illegal profits, the government has returned the mining to the same mine operators. Prime Minister Narendra Modi had spoken before carrying out vikas as a Jan aandolan (movement of people), but in Goa, it turned out to be a dhan andolan.
As soon as the AAP won in Delhi, a supporter of the Bharatiya Janata Party sent me an email: “This is a victory for delivering gifts. If these people take over our country, they will be reduced to the plight of Syria and Iraq. “One may ask: last year, the AAP spent on education and medical care about a third of the Goa de Rs government’s gift Rs 35,000 million to guilty miners, what will hurt India? vikas in Goa, or care vikas in Delhi
Madhav Gadgil is an emeritus scientist, National Center for Cellular Science, Universidad de Pune de S.P.
The opinions expressed are personal.