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Kolkata is the safest city in India to live for the second year in a row. Kolkata News

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KOLKATA: Kolkata has won first on the list of the safest cities in the country for the second year in a row, with the lowest rate of conscious crimes recorded from here, according to the recently released 2018 National Crime Records Office report.

The capital of Bengal, with a score of 152.2, is added to the list, which measures the recognizable crimes recorded by bark, followed by Hyderabad, Pune and Mumbai.

Best

The city, however, has slipped to number two in terms of IPC cases (crimes covered by the Indian Penal Code). In this, Kolkata was defeated by Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu (134.4) by a moustache among 19 Indian cities, including the meters. This despite the 2018 IPC of Calcutta crime rate falling to 139.5 from 141.2 in 2017 and 159.6 in 2016. The figure is much better than the national average of 478.4, which saw a jump since 2017 462.2.

Cities with a population of more than 20 lakh are taken into consideration by the NCRB for both categories.

Since 2016, Kolkata has been locked up in intense competition with Coimbatore for the ultimate slot.

Crime against women falls in Bengal

Bengal’s performance, however, raised some awkward questions. The state was the most violent crime-prone room after Assam, Tripura and Haryana. The state’s crime rate stood at 46.1, higher than that of states such as Jammu and Kashmir (25.6) and even Uttar Pradesh (29.2).

The state, however, performed better in controlling crime against women. Bengal fell to tenth position in rape and, for the first time, moved from the top three in dome deaths.

Kolkata’s crime rate has been down for the past five years, with a total number of cases falling from 26,161 in 2014 to 19,682 in 2018, a drop of 25%. The city did well to contain violent crimes, recording only 55 murder cases and 143 attempted murders. By comparison, Delhi recorded 416 murder cases and 473 assassination attempts, while Mumbai recorded 164 murders and 280 attempts. Kolkata also saw 14 rapes in 2018, compared to 15 in 2017.

The only black dot curiously remained the large number of “wounded cases” (crimes that caused serious injury). The city topped the national figures with 6,439 cases, compared to 4,460 in Delhi and 3,560 in Bengaluru. The other black mark on The Calcutta report card was that it was relisted in the only three cities, apart from Delhi and Chennai, to record two acid attacks.

Calcutta police commissioner Anuj Sharma said: “Focused attention of the state government towards the creation of additional infrastructure and labor, the creation of new police stations, improved surveillance, both human and technological, helped in largely in the prevention and detection of crimes. On the one hand, several programs of community interest have brought the city’s police closer to the public, building trust and raising awareness among the general public. This has led to better police surveillance in the city. With a shift towards “basic policing” over the past year, with a focus on night time surveillance, crime prevention against women, consistent roadblocks, we expect to see additional improvements in 2019 and 2020.”

Citing specific cases, The Kolkata police chiefs said several ground-level changes, both in law keeping and order and patrolling, along with stress in detecting scientific crimes, helped them. “Several vehicles in the wireless section were redirected to the divisions to patrol. The use of technology, from cameras that could read license plates to live incident broadcasts, also paid off. All of this was a long way to help control crime,” an additional CP said.

Bengal’s performance is largely due to its improved performance in controlling crime against women, the total number of crimes committed against women from 32,513 to 30,394. The crime rate against women stood at 64.4, with at least seven states—Haryana, Rajasthan, Telangana, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Assam—much worse.

The state also recorded fewer violations (1,069) than 2017. But Bengal had the dubious distinction of recording the highest number of “injured” cases (17,969) and attempted murder (12,062), making it the fourth most violent state in the country.

Times of India

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