New Delhi, July 21 () : Power shortage will be critical in all the four Southern States, with Tamil Nadu being the worst affected.
The combined shortage will be around 26% . The North-East will face a 10% shortage while many parts of North will have power surplus, the Central Electricity Authority after a study has stated.
Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu will need 44.760 MW and only 33,001 MW is being produced. It means a 26% shortfall. Tamil Nadu for 2013-’14 gets 9,871 MW but it needs 14,790 MW. It will face a shortage of 34.1%.
The situation in the South seems to have changed now. The report would not have taken note of the Kudankulam nuclear plant going critical and Kerala for the first time in seven years has surplus power to sell. The report attributes it to State board’s losses, poor transmission due to which power is wasted and the inability to link North grid with South grid.
Eastern states of Jharkhand, Odisha, Bihar and West Bengal are be power surplus. They have 1,443 MW surplus and gets 19,700 MW while they consume only 18,275 MW – a 7.9% surplus. The output in Jharkand and Bihar will increase with functioning of thermal plants under construction.
Sikkim produces 163 MW and needs only 125 MW which is estimated to be having a surplus of 30%. Maharashtra, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh may have a surplus of 6.8% or 2,934 MW, against its need of 43,456 MW. Madhya Pradesh will have 1,939 MW excess or 20% as per the report.
Punjab, Delhi, Rajasthan, J&K, Haryana, Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh will face a 1.3% shortage. A 10% shortage is predicted for Mizoram, Tripura, Manipur, Assam, Meghalaya and Arunachal Pradesh.
Tamil Nadu has already set in motion a power policy by which private players who produce energy through wind mills or solar panels will be able to sell it to industries. It has asked that a certain portion of the power has to be sourced compulsorily from private power producers.