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Medanta Medicity doctors perform India’s first successful intestinal transplant

Gurgaon, Jan 5 ():Claiming to have performed an intestinal transplant successfully, doctors at Gurgaon’s Medanta Medicity hospital on Friday carried out India’s first successful intestinal transplant on a 30-year-old software engineer who underwent the ten-hour operation on November 24, 2012.

The patient, Himanshu was provided with a new life after he underwent the surgery and is now able to eat solid food after three years and is expected to be discharged soon, said hospital sources. The transplant can be carried out only if there is a suitable donor, said Dr A.S. Soin, chairman of Medanta Institute of Liver Transplantation and Regenerative Medicine adding that they got a donor on Nov 24, whose intestine was removed at Sir Gangaram Hospital after his passing away.

The patient was admitted in 2009 with severe pain in his abdomen following which he had to undergo six minor surgeries to tackle four life-threatening episodes of infection and sepsis. After six weeks of his operation, the patient is now doing fine and is eating food on his own, said the doctor claiming further that only few institutions in the world carried out intestinal transplants.

After the patient had acute abdominal pain, he was detected to have a blockage in the main vein of his intestine that resulted in loss of blood supply to the intestine. As a result, doctors had to remove ninety-five percent of the patient’s small intestines leaving behind twenty-eight cm, out of the normal length of the small intestine which is six metre.

The patient had to be dependent on intravenous nutrition after his body was unable to absorb the required nutrients. The patient suffered many life-threatening infections during the past three years after the failure of his intestines and was hospitalised eleven times.

Himanshu went through six minor surgeries to fix or transform feeding tubes into his veins. One of the major reasons for intestinal failure in adults is believed to be major abdominal trauma, short bowel syndrome or inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn’s disease.