Sep 17 (): September 9, 2012 is a very special day to the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), as the organisation has successfully launched its 100th space mission. This success marks the spirit of Indian space scientists and would surely lift their spirits further to face more greater challenges.
Having established in 1969, with its headquarters in Bangalore and which is under the control of Government of India, its main aim is to use the advance space-based technology for the benefit of the people and the country.
We, the Indians can proudly say ISRO is one among the largest space agencies, such as NASA, ESA, JAXA, RKA and CNSA in the world. ISRO’s milestones in the space activities in these five decades are astonishing. ISRO scientists have conducted space activities for developing the nation’s telecommunication facilities, meteorological applications, television broadcasting and to manage the natural resources of the country.
ISRO achieves its objectives through two major satellite systems – INSAT and IRS.
The system INSAT-Indian National Satellites, does its services to enhance communication facilities and Geostationary Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) is used for launching INSAT satellites.
The other system IRS, Indian Remote Sensing that functions in the management of our countries’ natural resources, uses Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) for launching its satellites.
India has crossed various milestones, before reaching the 100th space mission on September 9, a historic event. The first satellite of India, Aryabhatta was fabricated by ISRO and was launched in 1975 by Soviet Union. In 1980, India launched its first satellite Rohini in the orbit by SLV-3, an Indian-made launch vehicle. In 2008, India’s first mission to the Moon was successfully accomplished by ISRO’s first lunar probe, Chandrayaan-1.
With Sunday’s historic 100th space mission, so far ISRO has successfully launched 29 foreign satellites and 62 Indian satellites from Sriharikota and from other foreign launch pads.
In the 100th mission, PSLV-C21 launcher successfully placed SPOT 6, a French Earth Observation Satellite in orbit. The unique achievement in placing this satellite is – the satellite weighed 712 kgs and is the heaviest foreign satellite that ISRO has ever put in the orbit. Then, PSLV-C21 launched the Japanese micro satellite, PROITERES, which weighed 15 kg.
Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh, on witnessing the launch complimented the ISRO network on their “spectacular success”. With nearing fifty years of establishing the Indian Space Research Organisation, the scientists celebrated the 100th mission which was a flawless launch from Sriharikota.
India has also planned for its mission to Mars. So, the organization is now glued to its next assignment, the Mars Orbiter Mission formulated on August 3, 2012 for its planned launch in 2013.
As per our PM’s words, we, Indians are proud of the space scientists who have eminently overcome many odds to develop our own technology for space missions. Such developments in space missions finally prove our country’s technological prowess.