New Delhi, Aug.15 (ANI): Promising to improve the quality of teaching for children through a system of continuous assessment, the Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh, saidon Wednesday, that he was proud of the fact that almost all children in the age group 6-14 years were being admitted to schools.
Addressing the nation on the occasion of the country’s 65th Independence Day from the ramparts of the historic 17th century-built Red Fort, Dr. Singh said: “More than 51,000 new schools have been opened in the country and about seven lakh teachers (have been) appointed in them in just the last two years.”
He added: “Now, we will focus on improving the quality of education. In the next few months we will put in place a system of continuous assessment of the benefit our children are getting from teaching. Participation of the community and parents would be ensured so that they can be satisfied with the quality of teaching.”
From an employment perspective, Dr. Singh said that the National Skill Development Council has formulated a major scheme for skill development in which eight crore people will be trained in the next five years.
“This is an ambitious scheme which can be implemented only through a specialized agency of the Central Government. Therefore, we are considering the establishment of a National Skill Development Authority so that skill development programmes all over the country can be implemented in a coordinated manner,” Dr. Singh said.
Education in India falls under the control of both the Union Government and the states, with some responsibilities lying with the Union and the states having autonomy for others.
The various articles of the Indian Constitution provide for education as a fundamental right. Most universities in India are controlled by the Union or the State Government.ndia has made progress in terms of increasing primary education attendance rate and expanding literacy to approximately two thirds of the population.
India’s improved education system is often cited as one of the main contributors to the economic rise of India.
Much of the progress, especially in higher education and scientific research has been credited to various public institutions.
The private education market in India is merely five percent, although in terms of value is estimated to be worth 40 billion dollars in 2008 and will increase to an expected 78 billion dollars by 2012.
India, however, continues to face stern challenges. Despite growing investment in education, 25 percent of its population is still illiterate; only 15 percent of Indian students reach high school, and just seven percent of the 15% who make it to high school, graduate.
The quality of education whether at primary or higher education is significantly poor as compared with major developing nations.
As of 2011, there are 1522 degree-granting engineering colleges in India with an annual student intake of 582,000, plus 1,244 polytechnics with an annual intake of 265,000. However, these institutions face shortage of faculty and concerns have been raised over the quality of education.
India’s education system is divided into different levels such as pre-primary level, primary level, elementary education, secondary education, undergraduate level and postgraduate level.
The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is the apex body for curriculum related matters for school education in India.
The NCERT provides support and technical assistance to a number of schools in India and oversees many aspects of enforcement of education policies. (ANI)