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UK honours six scientists of Indian origin as Fellows of Royal Society

London, Apr 23 (): A Bangalore-based mathematician and a biologist are among the six Indian-origin scientists chosen for the esteemed Fellowship of the Royal Society for 2012.

The Royal Society was founded to recognise, support and promote excellence in science in 1660. It has awarded Fellowship to almost 1,500 individuals over these years, including Einstein, Isaac Newton, Stephen Hawking and Tim Berners-Lee. 44 experts are elected for this year 2012. Among them are six Indian-origin scientists.

Tejinder Singh Virdee, is a Physics Professor at Imperial College, London. He is well-known for the construction, exploitation and design of huge Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider.

Virdee with other four colleagues in 1990 originated the concept of CMS and also invented a new technology for the large CMS electromagnetic calorimeter and was employed for the hadron calorimeter.

Banglaore-based Krishnaswamy VijayRaghavan, who is the director of the National Centre for Biological Sciences, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, is termed as an “inspirational leader successfully promoting excellence in Indian biology.”

Professor Chandrashekhar Bhalchandra Khare based at the University of California, Los Angeles, is called as “an extremely original mathematician” studying the relationship between Galois representations and modular forms.

Professor Mathukumalli Vidyasagar of the University of Texas at Dallas has been elected to the Fellowship for making “outstanding contributions” to control and systems theory and statistical learning. His explanation for robust controllers has given a profound effect on linear control theory. He has combined probability theory, combinatorics, and artificial intelligence to produce a beautiful unified theory of statistical learning, and used it to solve NP-hard design problems.

Professor Shankar Balasubramanian, who is based at Cambridge University, is a universally renowned leader in nucleic acids field. He is famous for pioneering contributions to chemistry and its application to the biological and medical sciences. He is a principal inventor of the leading next generation sequencing methodology, Solexa sequencing that has made routine, accurate, low-cost sequencing of human genomes a reality and has revolutionised biology.

Professor Varinder Kumar Aggarwal of the University of Bristol is famous for his “outstanding contributions” to the field of asymmetric synthesis, particularly applications of ylide chemistry where he is the world leader.

The Fellowship is made up of the most prominent engineers, scientists and technologists from the Commonwealth and the UK.