Berlin, Dec 5 (): According to this year’s Corruption Perceptions Index, India was ranked at the 94th spot Tuesday, in a global list topped by Denmark and New Zealand as the cleanest, while Somalia emerged as the most corrupt.
The anti-corruption group Transparency International’s annual “Corruption Perceptions Index” was first published in 1995. This year, the group measured experts on public sector corruption in 177 countries, categorising each nation on a scale of zero to 100, with zero being “highly corrupt” and 100 being “very clean”. The survey of 177 countries is based on local and international experts’ opinions of corruption in public sector.
The survey uses a variety of sources that capture insights of corruption, including World Bank and World Economic Forum assessments, the African Development Bank’s governance ratings, and Transparency International’s own Bribe Payers Survey. All the above sources helped in measuring perceptions of corruption in public sector and enabled cross-country comparability and comparison over time.
Transparency International said that its “Corruption Perceptions Index 2013 offers a warning that the misuse of power, secret dealings and bribery continue to devastate societies around the world”. More than two-thirds of 177 countries have scored below 50, the mid-way point between most corrupt and the cleanest.
In this year’s ranking, Denmark and New Zealand are in the top spot, which are followed by Finland, Sweden, Norway, Singapore, Switzerland, Netherlands, Australia and Canada in the top ten.
Among other major countries, Germany is at 12th spot, the UK at 14th, Hong Kong 15th, Japan 18th and the US at 19th spot.
India’s rank has remained unchanged from the last year. It has emerged as more corrupt than three of its BRICS peers -China (80th), South Africa and Brazil (both ranked 72nd) -but better than Russia (127th).
None of the countries have scored the perfect 100 score. Top-ranked Denmark and New Zealand have scored 91 points each to share the first place on the list.
Somalia took the lowest rank with Afghanistan and North Korea with 8 points each. Those scoring slightly better than these three countries include Iraq, Uzbekistan, Sudan, Libya, Venezuela, Zimbabwe, Syria, Haiti and Myanmar.