Nov 20 (TruthDive): A team of astrophysicists has discovered an enormous gaseous planet that is 13 times more massive than the largest planet in our own solar system-Jupiter, earning the name “Super-Jupiter.”
The newly discovered massive plant “Super-Jupiter” actually falls under the class of planets. It is 13 times larger than Jupiter at a distance of 170 light years away from the Earth and the object is at a distance nearly twice the distance that Neptune is from our sun and glows in reddish colour.
Super-Jupiter orbits star, Kapa Andromedae, which is 2.5 times the mass of our sun and relatively young, at about 30 million years old pointing toward a formation cycle typical of smaller planets. The planet is named “Kappa And b,” because it is revolving around the parent star Kappa Andromedae.
The finding marks the first new exoplanet system to be directly observed in over four years. Its rare direct photo was captured by Japan’s Subaru 8-metre telescope. The finding was a part of a larger project that is searching the sky for exoplanets, called the Strategic Explorations of Exoplanets and Disks with Subaru (SEEDS) program because it uses the Subaru telescope in Hawaii.
Though there were many new planets discovered before, the discovery of Super-Jupiter is just one of a handful that have been captured in a photograph.
The astronomers were able to capture the picture by using an infrared light, and a technique to hide the glare from the star, the technique which they did not use for the previously discovered for some 800 planets. They have used this new technique as alien planets are extremely difficult to image directly because their stars are always so much brighter, and outshine any planets.
The parent star of Kappa And b, Kappa Andromedae, can be seen by star-watchers from Earth without requiring a telescope, NASA officials said. The star can be easily seen in the night sky above the constellation of Pegasus from suburban areas, they added.
The finding could be most important because it throws light on the processes of formation of planet. Astrophysicists are still not sure about the physical rules that exactly govern the planet formation. Many experts have predicted that a star as large as Kappa Andromedae would upset planet formation because of its powerful and intense radiation.
The researchers continue to discover the system for more possible secondary planets, which may have influenced the Kappa And b formation and orbital evolution. These follow-up studies will yield further clues to the formation of the super-Jupiter, and planet formation around massive stars in general.